Chartered on November 23, 1769 by Cadwallader Colden, Royal Lieutenant Governor of New York, the first permanent settlers arrived in 1771. The town is located on the east side of the Green Mountains, and the White River cuts through its center and includes the villages of Royalton, South Royalton, and North Royalton. Vermont Law School, the state’s only accredited law school, is located in South Royalton. The population was 2,750 at the 2020 census. The 1780 Royalton Raid was the last major British raid of the American War of Independence in New England and during the height of the Revolutionary War Royalton was visited by Gilbert du Motie and the Marquis de Lafayette. In 1848, the Vermont Central Railroad opened to South Royalton, which developed as a freight depot. Although Joseph Smith, founder of Mormonism, was born in the adjacent town of Sharon near the Royalton boundary, the Joseph Smith Birthplace Memorial lies in the town.
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